(با نگ درا(حصہ دوم

با نگ درا

حصہ دوم

Poems written between 1905 and 1908, the period he 
spent as a student in Europe. He praises the rationality and 
pragmatism of the West, but complains about its overt 
materialism, loss of spirituality and narrow patriotism, which 
promises suffering. (The first world war proved him right.) This 
situation strengthened his belief in the universal values of Islam 
and he resolved to use his poetry to stir Muslims to their 

Website Version 4.0 | Copyright © 2009-2016 International Iqbal Society (formerly DISNA). All rights reserved.