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با نگ درا

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  • (با نگ درا(حصہ اول

     

    (با نگ درا(حصہ اول

    1905

    Introduction

    First written in Urdu, Bang-i Dara (Caravan Bell) was

     

    translated into Urdu by popular demand. An anthology of

     
     

    poems written over a period of 20 years, is divided into 3 parts:

     
     

    1. Poems written up to 1905, the year Iqbal left for England.

     
     

    These include nursery, pastoral and patriotic verses. Taranayi

     
     

    Hindi (The Song of India) has become an anthem and is sung

     
     

    in India on Independence Day.

     

     

    Article Count:
    63
  • (با نگ درا(حصہ دوم

    (با نگ درا(حصہ دوم

    1905 -1908

    Poems written between 1905 and 1908, the period he spent

     

    as a student in Europe. He praises the rationality and

     

    pragmatism of the West, but complains about its overt

     

    materialism, loss of spirituality and narrow patriotism, which

     

    promises suffering. (The first world war proved him right.) This

     

    situation strengthened his belief in the universal values of Islam

     

    and he resolved to use his poetry to stir Muslims to their

     

    renaissance.

    Article Count:
    32
  • (با نگ درا(حصہ سوم

    (با نگ درا(حصہ سوم

    1908 - 1923

    Poems written between 1908 and 1923, in which

     

    Iqbal reminds Muslims of their past greatness and calls for the

     

    brotherhood and unity that transcend territorial boundaries. He

     

    urges the ummah to live a life of servitude to God, of sacrifice

     

    and of action so that they may attain once more the high

     

    civilisation that was once theirs. Yam Awr Syair (The Poet and

     

    the Cradle), Shikwa (Complaint to God), Jawab-i-Shikwa

     

    (Response to a Complain), Kiezr-i-Rah (Guidance) and Tulu'i

     

    Islam (Light of Islam) are considered among the greatest

     

    Islamic poems. Love and the Self reverberate as important

     

    themes throughout this section.

     

    Article Count:
    106

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